Elm heartwood is a light to medium reddish brown, paler sapwood is usually well defined. The grain is interlocked, making it very resistant to splitting and has a somewhat coarse, uneven texture.

Janka Hardness:

830 lbf 

Average Dried Weight:

35 lbs/ft3 (560 kg/m3)


Elm can be a challenge to work with because of interlocked grain, especially on quartersawn surfaces. Planing can cause tearout and/or fuzzy surfaces due to poor dimensional stability. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Also responds well to steam bending, and holds nails and screws wel